Category Archives: Piezoelectric Nanolitre Dosage

Piezoelectric

 

Dispensers

Piezos and Pulses

How does the Drop come out?

Deflection of a piezoelectric ceramics on a GeSiM dispenser

Deflection of a piezoelectric ceramics on a GeSiM dispenser

The dispensers (also called “pipettes” or “jets”) follow the drop-on-demand principle, i.e., a drop is released exactly when the piezo ceramic actuator is triggered. This results in the bending of a silicon diaphragm behind the actuator and this in turn leads to a compression of the liquid inside the “pump chamber” and hence to the ejection of a droplet from the nozzle. After this, the ceramic returns to its initial state and the dispenser is refilled with liquid from the inlet. No valve is involved in this process.

Basically this process only works for low-viscous liquids up to a viscosity of about 5 mPa*s (5 cP). Liquids with lowering viscosity at elevated temperature may be used with our heatable dispensers.

 

Specs and Sizes

Which Dispenser works best for me?

Baiscally GeSiM offers piezoelectric microdispensers for two different drop volumes: The standard type SPIP emits drops between 0.6 and 1.1 Nanolitres. The other one is called PicPIP for drops of 0.1…0.2 Nanolitres. Basically the larger one has a wider viscosity range and is therefore easier to manage.

Two operation modes are available for the GeSiM dispenser: Drop bursts and continuous flow at frequencies up to 500…1000 Hz, depending on the liquid properties.

Bent Steel Capillary

Bent Steel Capillary

HPLC Bushing 1/16 inch

HPLC Bushing 1/16 inch

Stainless Steel Connector

Stainless Steel Connector

PEEK Capillary

PEEK Capillary

 

 

 

 

 

 

Both types of dispensers are available with different housings.


 

Please download the product brochure for more details and ordering information.

 

Mixers and More

Special Dispenser Shapes

Heatable Dispenser with 3 mL Reservoir

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GeSiM piezoelectric dispensers are made by MEMS technologies. With this background we may support even difficult applications: Smart mixing of two liquids in the dispenser body, integrated dispensers with a inlined nozzles, heatable dispensers for liquids which lower it’s viscosity at elevated temperatures.

 

The internal reservoir of a piezoelectric dispenser is typically in the range of few Microlitres. For dispensing larger volumes cartridges can be fitted (Left image).

Please enquire for further details.

 

 

 

Heatable Dispenser with 3 mL Reservoir

Piezo Controller

 

multi-dos controller with two channels and stroboscope (option)

multi-dos controller with two channels and stroboscope (option)

multi-dos

The multi-dos is the control device for up to six independent dispensers and connects to the serial interface of your computer. The PC software mds8 supports the control of all dispensing parameters (voltage, frequency and pulse width) individually for each piezoelectric dispenser.


 

For more details please download the product brochure.

 

Automation Hardware

Droplet Check and More

Droplet generation by piezoelectric dispensers works only at a limited viscosity range. It can be extended by heater shells enclosing the dispenser. So far this technology can be used with glues and oil.

A higher degree of automation comes with our strobe camera for droplet visualization and with syringe units for automatic rinsing of the dispenser. When a motion control system is needed please move on the Nano-Plotter section of this site.

multi-dos, temperature controller and stroboscope with holder for piezo

multi-dos, temperature controller and stroboscope with holder for piezo

 

Dispensers and Accessories

How to Get Started…

Piezoelectric GeSiM dispensers emit tiny drops by applying an electrical voltage. However, before the first drop gets released the dispenser must be primed carefully avoiding any air bubble. Even more, when the work is done the dispenser must be cleaned in order to avoid clogging.

A minimum setup comprises just the dispenser, the multi-dos control unit and a small piece of tubing. More comfortable, add filters, syringe systems, bottles and others. The sophisticated MicCell software allows more complex setups with other microfluidic hardware like hydrogel valves.

Setups for automatic (red) and manual (blue) priming of the GeSiM dispensers.

Setups for automatic (red) and manual (blue) priming of the GeSiM dispensers.


 

For more details please download the configuration sheet from the right side.

 

Dispensable Liquids

Will my Sample work with GeSiM Dispensers?

Many liquids which fit into the viscosity range can be used with piezoelectric GeSiM dispensers. Other important parameters are density and surface tension. The latter one is important for generating smooth drops when the liquid passes the orifice.


Please download the product brochure for a selection of dispensable liquids.

 

Dispensing of Adhesives

Application Example for heatable Dispensers

Adhesives often have high viscosities. There are two ways to dispense them: the design of the microdispenser can be optimized for higher viscosities or the viscosity is reduced by heating. GeSiM microdispensers should not be heated to more than 120 °C, i.e., the viscosity of the liquid should not exceed 5 mPa·s at 120 °C.

Droplet velocity (blue) and diameter (red) vs. excitation voltage at 90 °C for UVO-114

Droplet velocity (blue) and diameter (red) vs. excitation voltage at 90 °C for UVO-114

The UV-curable adhesives OG169 and UVO-114 (Epoxy Technologies) could be dispensed (viscosities at room temperature: 82 mPas and 300 – 700 mPas, resp.) The left image depicts the dependence of droplet velocity and diameter on the excitation voltage for UVO-114; the inset of Fig. 1 shows a picture of a single droplet of adhesive in front of the dispenser nozzle.

The right side picture shows an array of single epoxy spots on glass, made by the Nano-Plotter. The spot size is about 200 µm and can be varied using different piezo settings. Although the viscosity of OG169 is much lower than that of UVO-114, it needs a higher temperature for dispensing.

Array of UVO-114 with a spot diameter of ~ 200 µm on a glass slide

Array of UVO-114 with a spot diameter of ~ 200 µm on a glass slide

A number of liquids (e.g. glycerol) were successfully tested. Inthe case of two-component epoxies, the individual components must be dispensed using two different microdispensers. Mixing and curing of the epoxy then takes place on the substrate, one example being 301-2 from Epoxy Technologies.

 

Collision of Microdroplets

The Droplet Collider – Target, Hit, Merge…

Microdroplets ejected by the piezoelectric GeSiM dispensers fly at a speed of about 4 m/s. The high kinetic energy supports mixing of mixable liquids.

Piezoelectric Nanolitre Droplet Collider: Setup with temperature control unit and piezo driver (Left); Two heatable piezoelectric dispensers in front of a stroboscope unit (Right)

Piezoelectric Nanolitre Droplet Collider: Setup with temperature control unit and piezo driver (Left); Two heatable piezoelectric dispensers in front of a stroboscope camera (Right)

 

The GeSiM Droplet Collider is based on a manual swivel to host two piezoelectric microdispensers. Micrometer calipers allow to adjust position and angle of nozzles to make sure simultaneous ejected drops hit on air.

 

  • Stroboscope video of mixing process

    Stroboscope video of mixing process

    Stroboscope camera for visual alignment and drop inspection

  • Cartridge based sample delivery
  • Individual settings for both dispensers